Terminology

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Commonly used words:

Featured here is a summary of frequently used terms and their meanings that are most often used in the digital design and publishing process. Listed in alphabetical order for your convenience.

ATTRIBUTION

The action of ascribing a work or remark to a particular author, artist, or person. For example if someone supplies you with an image or artwork for your book, you may be required to give attribution in the print copy by way of an acknowledgement in your copyright section. Attributions for authors can also be made on an acknowledgements pag. It will depend on the artist or author.

AUTO RENEW

When your online subscription or plan automatically renews at the end of your plan's expiry period. It's the hassle-free way to ensure your service is uninterrupted and means you won't need to do a thing to recharge your plan each month. However if you wish to discontinue the service you MUST cancel the Auto Renew feature before the expiry date. You will usually be notified by email of the upcoming expiry datewith instructions or link to cancel Auto Renew if so desired. The Auto Renew button is often located in your Account settings for that subscription. For more information on cancelling the Auto Renew for your subscription click on the link below

https://www.adobe.com/au/legal/subscription-terms.html

BLEED EDGE

The bleed edge is the external margin positioned or located beyond the trim line. This is usually a standard requirement with printers but the amount can vary between 3 - 5mm. All artwork that meets the trim edge, must extend to the bleed edge. That way, when the pages of your book are trimmed, the background colours or images will extend right to the very edge of the page.

EMBEDDED IMAGE

An embedded image is an image that is re-stored within the new file you're creating. Embedded images become a part of the new file and are not affected by any changes to the original file. They do not get lost as they are embedded in the new file. An embedded file will appear on any synced computer in a group. As they move with the file, they negate having to send images in a separate file folder when emailing. However they do increase the file size, resulting in larger clunkier files which as a result may be too big to email. Sometimes storing and working with these types of files may slow down your computer.

FILE EXTENSION or FILE FORMAT

A file format is the standard way the data or information is encoded to enable it be stored in a computer file. Some formats have been specifically designed for particular data. The two main formats used in digital publishing are vector and raster files. The type of information determines which format should be used. The format in turn dictates the program the file can be opened by and how the information is encoded by the digital storage medium. See examples below of vector and raster format extensions and their abbreviations that are used in digital publishing.

Vector Formats

Raster Formats 

Word Formats

See full meaning for individual file formats in main list

File Extension: AI

The AI extension stands for and is used by Adobe Illustrator and is a proprietary file format developed for Adobe Illustrator Artwork to represent single page vector based drawings in EPS or PDF formats.

File Extension: BMP

A vector graphics file extension for a graphics file format used in vector based images in Adobe Illustrator.  EPS stands for Encapsulated PostScript. EPS files can contain text and graphics. Inkscape files can also be saved as EPS files as it is a vector program.

File Extension: DOC

DOC is the abbreviation for document file format and it is used by Microsoft Word. It is also used with most word processing software, including Open Office. The DOC file can contain text, images, tables, charts, graphs, page formatting, and print settings.

File Extension: DXF

DXF is the file extension for a graphic image format typically used with computer assisted drafting or CAD softward such as AutoCAD.  It stands for Drawing Exchange Format. It was released in 1982 and the format specifications have been through many changes since. The DXF format is a vector graphic file format which is made up from mathematically defined entities and shapes such as lines, curves and text.

File Extension: EPS

EPS is a file extension for a graphics file format that can contain text as well as graphics. It is used in vector based images in programs such as Adobe Illustrator. The abbreviation stands for Encapsulated PostScript. Some vector based programs such as signmaking software can usually open an EPS and save a file in the same format. Unfortunately free to use software such as Inkscape cannot open or read EPS files but it can save a finished file as an EPS.

File Extension: GIF

The AI extension stands for and is used by Adobe Illustrator and is a proprietary file format developed for Adobe Illustrator Artwork to represent single page vector based drawings in EPS or PDF formats.

File Extension: JPG or JPEG

DOC is the abbreviation for document file format and it is used by Microsoft Word. It is also used with most word processing software, including Open Office. The DOC file can contain text, images, tables, charts, graphs, page formatting, and print settings.

File Extension: PDF

PDF stands for Portable Document Format. This type of file captures all the elements of a printed document as an electronic image. You can navigate through the document to view it. You can also print a copy or forward it to someone else. PDF files are created using Adobe Acrobat , Acrobat Capture, or similar products. The Inkscape file extension is SVG (scalable vector graphic). However you can save as a PDF file too amongst a range of other formats.

File Extension: SVG

Scalable Vector Graphics is a vector based format image for two-dimensional graphics. It has support for interactivity and animation. Inkscape, the free vector program used here runs SVG format as its default format or extension. Adobe Illustrator can save or export as an SVG file from an open PDF or a graphic created within the program.

File Extension: TIF or TIFF

Tagged Image File Format abbreviated with TIF or TIFF is the file format for storing high quality raster graphics and images. The format was created by Aldus Corporation for use in desktop publishing and it is commonly used by graphic artists, signmakers, photographers and the publishing industry in general.

RESOLUTION

See DPI. Resolution refers to the clarity with which a digital image is viewed, or the DPI. A standard pair of eyes see at a resolution of 300dpi.

VECTOR GRAPHIC or VECTOR IMAGE

A vector graphic is an image made using a mathematical formula to draw or create curves and lines that combine to create geometric objects and text. A vector graphic is created in both a quantity and a direction at the same time. It works on an sequence of statements or set of numerical coordinates on an xy axis. A vector graphic can be shown in it's raw form or skeleton mode, showing all nodes that make up the configuration of the line. These nodes can be edited, repositioned etc to alter the shape of the graphic. Unlike raster images which are made up of pixels, vector graphics can be enlarged or reduced without any loss of clarity. Vector graphics can also be rasterised or converted to a raster format if required.
Vector images are easily edited by manipulating the nodes and points that make up the lines and curves in an object or image using vector based programs such as Inkscape, Adobe Illustrator, Corel Draw etc.Inkscape uses SVG format (Scalable Vector Graphic) as it's primary file extension, however there are a range of other extensions available when saving files.

VECTORISE

To change a raster file format based on pixels, to a vector format based on linear curves and shapes

VECTOR PROGRAMS

Vector programs allow users to create and edit vector graphics images interactively on a computer and save them in popular vector formats such as SVG, PDF, EPS

7 of the Best Free to Use Vector Programs

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