MHg03


Aim:

  • Finalise and save all images

Requirements:  

  • Scan any required images
  • Complete editing procedures if any
  • Finalise all images
  • Save images ready for importation

ORGANISING YOUR IMAGES

Okay, so it’s time to take a look at your images and get some details and planning underway. This step explains the different types of images you may encounter with the setting up of your book and how to deal with them.

As mentioned in the Manuscript section, any images used in your book should be referenced in your Manuscript as to their position or location in the book. Once you know what images you are using make sure you complete this procedure.

This section does not explain how to import the images into your book pages.

This is covered in Step 05 BOOK LAYOUT.


Types of Images

There are many different types of images but the two specific types you’ll be dealing with are:

  • Raster Images
  • Vector Images

It is important to know the difference between them. This will enable you to better understand what is required and the processes each of them need to go through. If you are unsure about the differences go to:


Image Resolution and Size

Resolution refers to the clarity or size of your images. The correct resolution for any images used in your book is paramount. So when selecting any images for your book, you need to ensure they are a suitable resolution for your book pages before you store and save them.

Once you understand how to calculate your resolution requirements using a simple formula, you will know at a glance whether your images are going to be the correct size or fall short of the mark.

For best results all images used must be imported into the book pages at 100% of their original size. This means they should NOT be enlarged to fit your page. This will cause a blurry or pixellated result. However, images with a high resolution can be reduced to fit a page without incident. High resolution images are larger files and take more memory to store. This could also cause issues in lengthy books when sending the files electronically to the printer.

PLEASE NOTE: Vector images can be resized up or down without incident. They are not affected in the same way that raster images are when enlarged.

For a further information about GETTING THE CORRECT RESOLUTION


What to do:

If you have images ready to go into your book pages exactly as they are, ensure they are filed in the IMAGES folder. But you will still need to read the information here so you know what to do with them.

Editing Images

There are many ways to alter, edit, manipulate or create images for your printed book, but as mentioned above, the two main types of images you’ll be dealing with are:

  • Raster Images
  • Vector Images

You may have existing images you want to edit or alter in some way. Perhaps you’re sourcing out some free images online. Maybe you want to create your own graphics or illustrations. If this is the case, you’ll need to access some of the programs covered in Step 04 before you can do so. It will depend entirely on the type of images you want though and how you wish to display them.

It is recommended you read this section in full and decide what you need. Go to Step 04 for any program downloads you require to proceed and then return here to work through the guidelines that suit your types of images.

The programs that deal with the manipulation or editing of images in Step 04 include:

  • Vector Magic
  • Luna Pic
  • Paint
  • Inkscape

No matter what type of images you plan to use, save everything in one folder labelled IMAGES. With that said, some sub-folders might be handy, but that’s entirely up to you.

See How to Organise your Folders if you haven’t already.

Despite the style of publication you’ve written, your finished book is still going to require a cover design and artwork at the bare minimum, which will probably involve some kind of image. You may also plan to include some on the internal pages as well. So, the type of images you want to use will determine which procedures you’ll need to follow to finalise and import them into your book pages and onto your cover artwork.

In the Inkscape vector program I used to set up the book pages, you can naturally import, create and save vector images, illustrations and graphics. The two types of vector formats featured that I used when creating, setting up and saving the book page files were:

  • SVG
  • PDF

These two sufficed for the compete set up and were accessible in the free Inkscape program.

You can also import a range of raster graphics into the vector program to feature on your book pages. The different types of RASTER images might include:

  • Photos
  • Colour Graphics
  • Sketches
  • Drawings
  • Illustrations

Their file formats or extensions:

  • JPG
  • PNG
  • BMP
  • TIFF

Image Procedures

The different images and the various ways to display them means a range of different approaches and processes.

For instance you could be using all digital photos. These simply need to be saved and maybe resized prior to importing. If you want to crop a section out of an image and use it separately you will need to create a new file name for it in case you still need the original. Perhaps you have some old, dated loose photographs you want to incorporate. They’ll need to be scanned first before saving. If you have other digital photos or images you want to add filter effects to, that will involve manipulation through an editing program. There are free online editing programs available and the links are here. You may be doing your own drawings or illustrations. In this case, you’ll need the heads up on scanning and saving procedures for sketches, illustrations or lineart. Then you’ll require guidance on how to convert the files and fill with colour if applicable.

Images can be resized in the vector program when doing book pages if preferred.  In addition, the instructions on how to fill lineart illustrations with colour are covered in the book layout section in Step 05.


Select the instructions or guidelines required for the type of images you have:


Click here for How to Deal with PHOTO IMAGES

Click here for How to Deal with RASTER IMAGES AND GRAPHICS

Click here for How to Deal with SKETCHES

Click here for How to Deal with DRAWINGS AND ILLUSTRATIONS

Click here for how to deal with VECTOR IMAGES

Images for Book Cover Artwork

Book cover artwork is usually done closer to the end of the process. The binding will determine how the files are set up, as mentioned in the previous step. Save your book cover images and graphics in the same folder but name them appropriately so you know what they’re for or create a sub folder in your IMAGES folder and label Cover Artwork Images.


Images for Internal Pages

With images for the internal pages however, the sooner you know what you want, the quicker you can get things happening. There are no set rules when it comes to the type of images you should select for use and how to use them. The only stipulation is they don’t belong to someone else.


Image Editing Programs

There are a range of options for the way you display your images. For example, with a range of online editing programs, you can enhance an existing image or graphic, or completely transform it into something else. Check out the free online editing programs for a wealth of effects and available features to edit your images.


Importing Images

Ensure your images are saved in a folder and clearly labelled. They will be ready to import into your book pages. Before you can import them make sure you know roughly where you want to position them in your book pages. Also you need to consider size. Will the image feature quite small, or will it be larger or maybe even complete background image? These are things you need to think about before you import your images. Then you will have a clear direction. With that said, experimenting with size is an option. Once you are happy you can work with a generic image size or design each page to suit the content. There is no hard and fast rule. If you have text on the pages with images it is recommended you establish the body of text on your book pages first and then insert your images. This way you know everything is going to fit. Whatever you choose to do, YOU are in control.

As the importation of images is done in the layout of the book pages you will find all the information you need in Step 05 Book Layout when the time comes. If you want the heads up though, click on the link below:

To import an image go to:

LBSTEP05

Make sure you familiarise yourself with the basics of the Inkscape program first, before you try and import any images. All the details are covered in Step 05 Book Layout.


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LBSTEP04

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